Sunday, November 28

After announcing the continuation of the Abyssinian rape, we publish the full story of the Deir Al-Sultan crisis in Jerusalem

01:22 AM

Sunday 21 November 2021

Books – Mina Ghaly:

The Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate in Jerusalem denied what was circulated in recent days, regarding the court’s decision to return the Sultan Monastery to the Coptic Church and to raise the Egyptian flag on the monastery, stressing that the monastery is still usurped by the Abyssinians and there is nothing new in the matter despite a previous decision of the Israeli court to hand the monastery over to the Coptic Church.

Masrawy reviews the full story of the Deir Sultan crisis between the Coptic Church and the Ethiopian Church in the following report:

– What is Deir Sultan?
Deir al-Sultan is an ancient Coptic Orthodox monastery located within the walls of the old city of Jerusalem, in the Christians Quarter, next to the Church of St. Helena, the Church of the Angel, and the passage leading from the Church of Helena to the wall of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. It covers an area of ​​about 1800 m2.

– Why it is called by that name?
It was called Deir al-Sultan after Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi returned it to the Copts after the Crusaders seized it.

This monastery is of special importance to the Copts, because it is their direct way to reach the Monastery of Mary Anthony, where the Egyptian Patriarchate is located, to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.

– Where is located?
The monastery yard is located above the Church of St. Helena, and in the southwestern corner of this yard are located two historic churches, which are the Church of the Four Disembodied Spiritual Beings (the Four Animals) with an area of ​​42 m2, and the Church of Archangel Michael, which is on the ground floor, with an area of ​​35 m2. To get from this monastery to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, one must enter the Church of the Four Beasts, go down to the Church of the Angel, and exit through its door to the hall of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.

History of the conflict between the Abyssinians and the Coptic Church over Deir al-Sultan
The Coptic Orthodox Church confirmed that the Sultan’s Coptic Monastery is one of the monasteries of the Coptic Church outside Egypt, and the buildings, contents and components of the monastery indicate its Coptic identity, like all Coptic monasteries, and it is part of the property of the Coptic Orthodox Church in the Holy Land.

During its long history, the monastery witnessed a long-term dispute over its ownership between the Egyptian Church and its Abyssinian counterpart, despite the Egyptian monks hosting their Abyssinian counterparts for 3 centuries, due to their inability to pay the prescribed taxes on them. By confirming the ownership of Deir al-Sultan for the Coptic Orthodox, but the British authorities refused to hand over the monastery to the Egyptian Church.

The Jerusalem See is considered the second in importance after the Alexandrian Papal See, and the monastery is on the upper floor of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. It has an entrance to the church, and it covers an area of ​​1800 m2 and contains the dome of St. Helena’s Church and other churches. There are also cells for monks, and the Abyssinian monks, due to their inability to pay the tribute, asked the Coptic Church to house them, because their churches were transformed into Roman and Armenian churches in 1654, and in October 1820 the Coptic Church renewed the Sultan’s Monastery and in 1840 the Abyssinian monks were allowed to stay in the monastery as guests, and in 1850 The Ethiopians tried to seize the key to Deir al-Sultan, but it was returned to the Copts by a document from the Ottoman ruler in February 1852 and the attempt was made again in 1862 and the attempt was made a third time during the renovation of the church in 1888 and the Sublime Porte decided in January 1894 that the Egyptian Copts are the owners of Deir al-Sultan on To remove the Abyssinians from him completely.

In 1906, the Abyssinian monks tried to renovate the monastery as an excuse to prove their ownership of it. In 1945, during the British Mandate, the Abyssinians renewed one of the rooms, but the ruler refused this work completely. In 1959, the Abyssinian monks convinced the Jordanian administrator of Jerusalem that the monastery was theirs. Indeed, the monastery was handed over to them, which prompted Pope Kyrollos VI to send a delegation to King Hussein of Jordan. Equipped with documents indicating their ownership of the monastery, the king rescinded the mastermind’s decision and ordered the return of the key to Deir al-Sultan to the Copts.

Israeli intransigence towards the Coptic Church
In 1970, during the celebration of Easter in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, the Israeli authorities sent a force from the army, to enable the Ethiopian monks from Deir al-Sultan and gave new keys to the Ethiopian monks. The latter raised his case before the Israeli Supreme Court, which decided in its entirety to return the key to the monastery to the Coptic monks, in March 1971.

As a result of the refusal to hand the monastery over to the Egyptian Church, the Holy Synod decided in March 1980 not to authorize the parishioners of the Coptic Orthodox Church to travel to Jerusalem, until the church officially restored the Sultan Monastery in Jerusalem.

Since that date, despite the judicial ruling, the Israeli authorities have refused to implement it. Even in 2017, the Israeli authorities took a decision to close the two churches on the roof under the pretext of renovations in the Greek Orthodox Church attached to Deir al-Sultan, without informing the monastery and those in charge of it.

On the evening of October 19, 2017, the Israeli authorities worked to introduce renovation equipment without informing the Coptic monks, and the Egyptian embassy tried, as the monastery was Egyptian, to break the engagement, and because of it the work was delayed. Subordinate to the Church, but also to Egypt.

The position of the Coptic Church
On October 26, 2018, the Egyptian Coptic Orthodox Church issued a detailed statement about the history of Deir al-Sultan in Jerusalem, the Abyssinian monks’ attempts to control it after the Coptic Orthodox Church hosted them, and the Supreme Court in Israel, which ruled in favor of the Coptic Orthodox Church, but the ruling has not been implemented so far. .

Yesterday, November 19, 2021, Anba Antonios, Metropolitan of the Jerusalem See and the Near East, confirmed, in a statement, that there was a previous decision of the Israeli court to hand the monastery over to the Coptic Church in 1971, but the executive authorities did not implement this decision for security reasons, as they claimed, and therefore the monastery is still Raped by the Ethiopians and nothing new in the matter.

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