Sunday, November 28

The coldness and coldness of Agouza and its fiercest “Qasim”… 18 nuclei hit Alexandria, get to know them

12:03 PM

Saturday 20 November 2021

Alexandria – Mohamed Amer:

“In Alexandria, winter is a paradise… and the waves in its sea sing.” With these words, the artist Iman al-Bahr Darwish described the magic of Alexandria in winter.

The winter of Alexandria has charm, beauty and a European character when rain washes its streets, waves crash into the Corniche rocks, and the smell of iodine fills its air, during the rainy season.

The Mediterranean bride is exposed to 18 nuclei in the winter – it may be days later or earlier – but it is not absent, and the fishermen and workers in the Alexandria Sea know it by certain names.

According to Majdi Abu Shanab, the former Sheikh of Abu Qir fishermen, fishermen know the dates of the nuclei since ancient times with signs and indications through the movement of the stars, the sun and the sky, during which the fishing movement often stops.

Abu Shanab added to “Masrawy”: “The date of the nucleus was known by signs such as stars falling from the sky or the raging seagull and sunset amid a red aura or the coming of western winds.”

Here are the dates for those nuclei that are preceded by an emergency situation and extreme preparations:


The broom core is considered the first severe weather that winter begins on November 16 of each year, and it lasts for 4 days, accompanied by northwest winds sweeping the sea – according to fishermen – and heavy rain.

“The rest of the broom”

The rest of the broom comes on November 22 and lasts for 4 days, but this time it is accompanied by southwesterly winds and heavy rain.


Nawa Qassem hits the coast of Alexandria on December 4, and lasts for 5 days, accompanied by southwesterly winds, storms, and heavy rain.

Kassem is considered one of the most dangerous episodes of winter, as it caused in 2010 the destruction of the Alexandria Corniche wall and the sea water overflowing the road in areas such as Loran and Raml Station.

“The Little Flood”

The “small flood” begins on December 19 of each year and lasts for 5 days and is accompanied by rain and northwesterly winds. It is called the flood because the sea overflows through it and its waves rise dramatically.


The “Christmas” nucleus derives its name from its arrival during the Coptic celebrations of the Nativity of Christ, and it begins on December 28, accompanied by heavy rain and westerly winds that do not last for more than two days only.

“new Year”

After “Christmas” comes the “New Year” season, which witnesses rain for a period of 4 days, starting on January 2 and accompanied by westerly winds. However, some visitors to Alexandria prefer to spend New Year’s celebrations in conjunction with that nucleus.

“The Great Flood”

The nucleus of the Great Flood strikes the coasts of Alexandria on January 12 of each year with heavy rain and southwesterly winds, and usually lasts for 6 full days, during which the fishing and navigation movement stops in the ports of Alexandria and Dekheila.

Diver’s vessels

The “Epiphany” nucleus coincides with the Coptic Epiphany celebrations, and it lasts for 3 days, starting on January 19, and is accompanied by westerly winds and rain, but sometimes it is not unusually rainy.

“The vineyard”

Nawat al-Karm begins on January 28 of each year for a period of 7 days, accompanied by westerly winds and heavy rain. That is why it was called al-Karm for the abundance and length of its rains, as fishing and marine navigation stop.

“Little Sun”

The sun shines during rain, so it is called the “little sun”, and it begins on February 18 of every year for a period of 3 days, accompanied by northwest winds and rain.

“Awa’ Al Salloum”

Nawat al-Salloum is one of the fiercest in winter and comes on March 2. It is called Salloum because it is accompanied by southwesterly winds from the direction of Salloum and the western borders, as well as rains that will last for two days.


The Nawat Al-Hashum – the last rainy episode on March 9, is blowing, and it was called by this name because of its intensity, as it is accompanied by severe lightning, thunder and rain, and it lasts for a whole week.

“Big Sun”

The big sun begins on March 18 of every year and lasts for two days, accompanied by east winds, without rain, where the sun shines strongly, so it was called by this name.

“The cold and cold of Agouza”

Alexandria will be exposed to a wave on March 24, accompanied by east winds and will last for 6 days, and is the last of the cold episodes.

“The Fifties and the Wind of the Point”

The Nawat season concludes with the “Khamaseen Winds” and “The Point Winds.” The first blows on April 23 and lasts for two days, accompanied by hot eastern winds laden with dust and sand. The second begins on June 18 and lasts for two days, accompanied by hot eastern winds.

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