Sunday, November 28

[전두환 사망]The dictator who left without repentance…the historical condemnation begins again

Former President Chun Doo-hwan, who is charged with defamation of a lion, leaves the court after attending the appeal hearing held at the Gwangju District Court in Dong-gu, Gwangju on the afternoon of August 9. /Kyunghyang Newspaper photo

Former President Chun Doo-hwan died on the 23rd. 90 years old. Chun is a dictator in the dark age of democracy who took power in a military coup on December 12 and led the massacre of civilians during the May 18 Democratization Movement. Until the very end, there was no repentance or apology for the victims. The 41-year request for an apology ended without a response, but the time of historical condemnation has just begun. The 5.18 Democratization Movement groups demanded further investigation, saying, “You cannot bury the truth with death.”

Chun collapsed and died in a bathroom at his home in Yeonhui-dong, Seoul around 8:45 am that day, said Min Jeong-ki, a former presidential secretary for public affairs, a close associate of the Blue House. Min said, “The exact cause of death must be revealed by the medical staff,” but “I was diagnosed with chronic myeloma last August.” Chun’s death was 28 days after the death of former President Roh Tae-woo, a comrade in the 12/12 military coup on the 26th of last month. On the surface, a page in history came to an end with the deaths of two former presidents, the leaders of the 12/12 military coup and the head of the 5/18 bloody suppression.

Born in Hapcheon, Gyeongnam in 1931, Jeon graduated from the Military Academy in 1955 and was commissioned as a soldier. In 1961, he supported former President Park Chung-hee’s 5/16 coup d’état and prospered as a ‘political soldier’. After the assassination of former President Park on October 26, 1979, a coup d’état took place on December 12 of the same year. A massive crackdown began with the expansion of martial law. Against this, the May 18 Democratization Movement in 1980 left numerous casualties due to bloody suppression led by Chun. The dictatorship of the ‘five republics’, which had been firmly built up as the 11th and 12th presidents, eventually collapsed in 1987 in the wake of democratization.

The judicial tribunal opened late. In relation to the 12/12 coup and the 5/18 bloody suppression, Jeon was indicted on charges of leading a rebellion in 1995 during the Kim Young-sam administration, leading a rebellion, and murdering for the purpose of rebellion. In April 1997, the Supreme Court sentenced life imprisonment and a fine of 220.5 billion won, but in December of that year, it was pardoned and reinstated. Currently, a penalty of 956 billion won is unpaid.

Until the end of his life, Chun did not acknowledge the excessive suppression of the May 18 Democratization Movement or apologize to the victims. In the memoir, he gave himself an indulgence, saying that it was “a just and unavoidable measure to protect Korea.” He was accused of harshly criticizing the late Father Jovio’s testimony of ‘helicopter shooting’ as a lie. Min, the former secretary of the Jeon clan, responded to a reporter’s question, “Do you have any words to say to the victims of the democratization movement?”, saying, “The question itself is wrong.” He also said, “I apologized many times, but how do I do more?”

The 5.18 Democratization Movement organizations and citizens said that even after the death of Jeon without an apology, the work of uncovering the truth of the 5.18 Democratization Movement should continue.

The May 18 Memorial Foundation, the May 18 Democrats of Merit and Freedom Families, the May 18 Democratization Movement Injured Association, and the May 18 Detention Injured Association held a joint press conference and said, “Chun Doo-hwan, who blasphemed and denigrated the 5. He said, “(Nevertheless) we will hold the culprits of the May massacre accountable and establish historical justice by clearly and clearly revealing Chun Doo-hwan’s criminal actions.” In a statement, the Gwangju Civic Association said, “We are outraged by Chun Doo-hwan’s shameless and comfortable death. come for it,” he said.

Chun’s funeral was held at the Severance Funeral Hall in Sinchon, Seoul. The remains will be cremated, the Jeon said. Survivors include his wife Lee Soon-ja, sons Jae-guk, Jae-yong, and Jae-man, and daughter Hyo-seon.

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