“Even if the number of foreign workers increases, local jobs will not disappear… Moving on to Communication”

It is analyzed that as the number of foreign workers increases, the number of jobs where communication is important, such as receptionists and counselors, will also increase. The influx of foreign workers does not mean that the number of jobs for Koreans is unilaterally reduced, but rather that it means that jobs are being converted from production jobs to sales/consultation jobs.

Kim Hye-jin, Associate Research Fellow at the Bank of Korea’s Microsystem Research Department, on the 5th report ‘The Effect of Influx of Foreigners on the Specialization of Koreans’ It was found that the relative supply of This is the result of analyzing the 2010-2015 foreign population data and the occupational data of Koreans by region. This means that if the number of physical jobs increased by 10,000 when the proportion of foreigners in the region increased by 1 percentage point, the number of jobs in communication jobs increased by 1039 during the same period. Deputy Research Fellow Kim said, “Foreigners have a relative advantage in physical jobs due to their lack of Korean proficiency. As a result, when the influx of foreigners increases, Koreans tend to move to communication jobs in which they have an advantage. It was analyzed that it had the effect of significantly increasing the number of communication tasks.” This means that local workers who were engaged in assembly or simple labor may have moved to the business group after the influx of foreign workers. The proportion of foreigners in the total population of Korea increased about four times from 0.5% in 2000 to 2.3% in 2015, showing the fastest increase among the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries.

In particular, as the influx of foreigners increased, the effect of shifting to a communication job was more pronounced in women (0.552%) than men (0.229%). The report explained, “The length of service for women is shorter than that of men, so they are less likely to be used as personnel specialized for companies such as in-house networks.

These results are interpreted as meaning that even if the inflow of foreigners increases, the effect of job relocation can be enjoyed, rather than a decrease in the employment of Koreans. In fact, even if you look at a report published by the Korea Development Institute (KDI) in December 2020, it was found that if immigrants and Koreans had the same skill level, there was no evidence that the total number of jobs for Koreans decreased in areas where there was a large influx of immigrants. Deputy Research Fellow Kim said, “In order to maximize the productivity improvement effect of job specialization, it is necessary to make efforts to improve the flexibility of the labor market, such as re-education to improve the skills of Korean workers and improvement of matching efficiency for active manpower redeployment.”

However, since the results of this analysis were derived using data on the status of foreigners in local governments from 2010 to 2015, the impact of the spread of COVID-19 was not reflected.

Provided by the Bank of Korea


Related Post

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.