The Iraqi judiciary postpones consideration of the largest parliamentary bloc, and the next parliament session chooses a president

The Federal Supreme Court in Iraq decided today, Tuesday, to postpone the date for deciding the case of the largest parliamentary bloc until tomorrow, Thursday, and this court is considered the highest judicial authority in the country.

The coordination framework and the Sadrist bloc had submitted a request to the Presidency of the House of Representatives (Parliament) during the first session that was held on January 9, as the largest parliamentary bloc that will be tasked with forming the next government by the President of the Republic.

The coordinating framework considers that the first session of Parliament was marred by legal violations, and calls for the annulment of its outcomes represented in the election of the Speaker of the Council, Muhammad al-Halbousi and his two deputies.

The session witnessed violent verbal altercations between the deputies of the Sadrist bloc, which follows the leader of the Sadrist movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, and the coordinating framework regarding the largest parliamentary bloc, in the midst of which the (older) interim parliament speaker, Mahmoud al-Mashhadani, was assaulted by one of the representatives (whose identity is not known), which necessitated his transfer. to the hospital, and the second-oldest member was assigned to chair the session.

Zebari (right) and Saleh are the most prominent candidates for the presidency (agencies)

presidential candidates

And yesterday, Monday, the Iraqi Council of Representatives approved the names of 25 candidates for the presidency, who will be voted on in the parliament session scheduled for February 7.

Among the most prominent candidates included in the list of names are the candidate of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, the outgoing President of the Republic, Barham Salih, and the Kurdistan Democratic Party candidate, Hoshyar Zebari, who previously held the foreign and financial portfolios for many years. Judge Rizgar Muhammad Amin, who was first known during his tenure, also emerged among the candidates. The position of trial judge for the late Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.

Since the adoption of the constitution in 2005, the Iraqi state is considered a federal state, in which the system of government is republican, representative and democratic, which means that the highest executive authority in the country is through the prime minister with limited honorary powers to the post of president of the republic.

Since the first elected parliamentary government, the presidency of the republic has belonged to the Kurdish component in the country, according to the political custom followed in Iraq since the first parliamentary elections held in the country in 2005, and the presidency of the parliament belongs to the Sunnis’ share, and the leadership of the government belongs to the Shiites.

political movement

In a related development, the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, Massoud Barzani, put forward an initiative to end the political crisis in Iraq, while there were reports that the commander of the Quds Force in the Iranian Revolutionary Guard, Major General Ismail Qaani, had arrived in Erbil the day before yesterday, Sunday, to discuss with the region’s leaders the issue of forming the next Iraqi government. .

In a message to the Iraqi people, Barzani said that he had put forward a political initiative to solve the problems and provide an appropriate and good environment for the political process in Iraq, in which he suggested that the President of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, Nechirvan Barzani and the Speaker of the Iraqi Parliament, Muhammad al-Halbousi, visit Najaf and meet the leader of the Sadrist bloc Muqtada al-Sadr and consult on how to continue the political process and remove Obstacles and problems.

“I hope that this initiative will have positive results, and will be in the interest of Iraq and all its components,” he added, without further details.

As part of this initiative, Nechirvan Barzani, Muhammad al-Halbousi and Khamis al-Khanjar, head of the Sovereignty Alliance – which includes the Progress and Azm parties – arrived in Najaf Governorate (south of Baghdad) on Monday to meet with al-Sadr to discuss forming a government.

Sources told Al Jazeera that the delegation suggested to Al-Sadr that the Shiite “coordinating framework” be involved in the government formation talks, and also suggested that he be given his share of ministerial portfolios according to his results in the elections.

The sources added that al-Sadr promised to respond to the proposals within days, but stipulated that the leader of the State of Law bloc, Nuri al-Maliki, be excluded from the discussions.

In a tweet on Twitter after the meeting, al-Sadr said that he was still committed to forming a national majority government in alliance with the Kurds and Sunnis, and welcomed dialogue with what he described as the national opposition, and also called for an end to what he called terrorism and violence against political partners.

Before that, Al-Halbousi said in a tweet on Twitter yesterday, Monday, that a Kurdish-Sunni-Shiite movement had begun to form a purely national government, considering that “the time of foreign interference in the formation of governments is over.”

He added, “Today, Iraq’s mountains (majority Kurdish areas) and deserts (Sunni majority areas) are moving to Najaf for talks to form a purely national Iraqi government, neither eastern nor western.

In a related context, Iyad Allawi, leader of the Civil National Front (Mouj), the former prime minister, put forward an initiative for a political project supervised by Parliament and political forces, in which he suggested that Al-Sadr name the next prime minister, provided that the coordination framework approves it.

The Sadrist bloc topped the October 10 elections with 73 seats, followed by the Progress Alliance with 37, the State of Law coalition with 33, and the Kurdistan Democratic Party with 31 seats.

While the forces of the Shiite coordination framework did not officially exceed 60 seats, they spoke in a recent parliamentary session about including independents and reaching 88 seats out of 329 seats in the House of Representatives.

Al-Sadr seeks to form a national majority government, unlike the rest of the “coordinating framework” forces that demand a consensual government similar to what has been in place since the 2005 elections.

The formation of the new Iraqi government requires first the election of a new president of the republic by Parliament, so that the elected president assigns the candidate of the largest parliamentary bloc to form the government within 30 days, and Parliament is scheduled to hold a session to elect the president of the republic on February 7.

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